Mario D’Acunto CV


Actual occupation: Research Scientist at the CNR (Italian National Council of Research)
Work Place: ISM-CNR, Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM), Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00185, Roma, Italy
e.mail: mario.dacunto@ism.cnr.it
and ISTI-CNR, Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell’Informazione (ISTI), Via Moruzzi 1, 56124, Pisa, Italy
e.mail: mario.dacunto@isti.cnr.it

Spoken languages: Italian (mother tongue), English, Chinese (basic).

M.S degree in Physics obtained at the University of Pisa with a thesis on Quantum Chaos.
PhD in Mechanics of Surfaces (Tribology) obtained at the University of Pisa, with a thesis on nanotribology (first PhD thesis in Italy on Nanotribology, 1999) /p>

SCIENTIFIC INTERESTS:
Scanning Probe Microscopy and Nanostructures
Nano-optics and photonics
Quantitative Image Analysis for Microscopy
Applied Statistics Methods for Signal Processing and Image Analysis for biomedical imaging.
Tribology properties of soft and hard materials on micro/nanoscale: adhesion and frictional forces in biological systems. Mechanical Contacts for soft matter: Polymer surfaces properties under Scanning Probe Microscopy stressing. Molecular wear basic mechanisms.
Non-linear dynamics: nonlinear properties of self-excited systems.
Physics of surfaces: self-assembling and nucleation-growth phenomena.
Light-matter interaction: X-ray interaction with hard/soft matter; infrared technique based biomolecular recognition

EXPERMENTAL SKILLS: Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) techniques; Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM); Tribology Instrumentations: Scratches Testers, Tribometers, Hardness Testers; Conventional X-ray diffractometers. Infrared techniques.

KNOWN OPERATING SYSTEMS: UNIX (LINUX), WINDOWS, DOS.
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: FORTRAN 77/90, MATLAB, C, C++, R-project, Java, HTML, XML.

EXTERNAL APPOINTMENTS:
Review work for the ISF, Israel Science Foundations, for projects on nanowear in 2003
Review works for the journal “Nanotechnology” since 2004
Review works for the journal “Physics Letters A” since 2006
Review works for the journal “Surface and Coating Technology” since 2006
Review works for the journal “Applied Mathematics and Computing” since 2006
Review works for the journal “Measurement Science and Technology” since 2006
Review works for the journal “Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter” since 2007
Review works for the journal “Journal of Physics: Applied Physics” since 2007
Review works for the journal “Computers and Mathematics with Applications” since 2007
Review works for the journal “Nano Today” since 2007
Review works for the journal “Physica Scripta” since 2008
Review works for the journal ” Journal of Zhejiang University, Science A” since 2008
Review works for the journal ” Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations” since 2009
Review works for the journal ” Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ” since 2009
Review works for the journal ” Meccanica” since 2009
Review works for the journal ” Journal of Nonlinear Analysis B” since 2010
Review works for the journal “Tribology Letters” since 2010
Review works for “Journal of Aerospace Engineering” since 2010
Review works for the “International Journal of Modeling, Identification and Control” since 2011
Review works for “Talanta” since 2013
Review works for the “International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry” since 2013

HONORS:
Component of the Scientific Committee of the II International Conference on Numerical Analysis, Shangai, People Republic of China, 22-27 October 2007.
Regularly included in the Who’s Who in Science and Engineering Marquis Book since the year 2007.
Chairman session at the Vth Pure and Applied Mathematics Conference, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 2008.
Chairman session at the II KDIR Conference, Paris, 2011.
Invited speaker at “First Italy-Japan workshop on Nanophotonics” organized by M. Allegrini and F. Fuso, Department of Physics, University of Pisa, Pisa, 22-23April 2013.
Invited component of the Scientific Committee of Advanced Infrared Technology and Analysis, Turin, Italy, 2013.
Chairman session on nanotechnologies at the Advanced Infrared Technology and Analysis, Turin, Italy, 2013.
National Member (substitute) at the COST MP1302 Nanospectroscopy, 2013-2016.

PROJECTS LEADING
Project Leader for the Grant: Improvement of a prototype of X-ray Diffractometer for In situ measurements. Financial support (2001-03) by Regione Toscana, Bando Multimisura P.O.R. Obiettivo 3, 2000-2006 Misura D4 d.4457-1.8.2000.
Industrial grant in collaboration with Colorobbia s.p.a. Italia, March-April 2012 on Nanofiber conductive polymer based sensors, funds 4k euro.
Project Leader for Istituto Struttura della Materia participation to the European Grant: SEMEOTICONS December 2013-december 2016, total funds 4.5 M euro, funds 150k euro.
Coordinator for the ISTI-CNR for the Project funded by Fondazione con il Sud, since November 2013
Research coordinator for the ISM-CNR activity into the Italy-Japan Joint Project on Nanophotonics since January 2014.

Main PROJECTS ACTIVITY
Non-destructive X-ray techniques for movable Bragg-Brentano Diffractometers, supported by ISPELS with G. Berti, University of Pisa, and 2000-2002.
MIUR-FIRB 2003: Improving cardiovascular stents, with P. Giusti, University of Pisa, and SORIN srl, 2003-2006
MIUR-FIRB 2006: Polymer-clay interaction for improving gas barrier surfaces, with P. Rolla, University of Pisa, 2006-2007
ARGOMARINE Project, European Seventh Framework Programme, with O. Salvetti, ISTI-CNR, Pisa, 2009-2011
Foundation of a NanoICT laboratory for the identification of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence features on nanoscale systems, CNR, Pisa and Rome since 2012.
SEMEOTICONS Project: Coordinator of subunit activity, december2013-december 2016.

EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY
Thesis supervising in Biomedical Engineering for the University of Pisa 2003-04, Dr. M. Cianchetti (adhesion properties of biomaterials measured via AFM).
Thesis supervising in Biomedical Engineering for the University of Pisa 2003-04, Dr. N. Vitiello (development of a code for quantification of AFM based wear mechanisms for biomaterials).
Invited Lesson on “Calibration of Diffractometers” for the XRPD Training and Educational Workshop, University of Pisa, June 25, 2002.
Invited Lesson on “Scanning Probe Microscopy techniques” for the PhD course in Materials Science, Department of Chemical engineering and Materials Science, University of Pisa, Italy, 31 May-1 June 2007.
Invited Lesson on “Controlling Wear on Nanoscale” at the Austrian Center for Competence on Tribology AC2T, Neustadt, Austria, 13 July, 2007.
Invited lesson on “Tissue Engineering: New Features for Biomaterials on Nanoscale” at the Polaris Centre, Pula, Cagliari, 22, October 2007.
Invited lessons on Nanotecnology and Information Communication Technologies at ISTI-CNR Pisa, November 2011.
Invited lesson on “SNOM: Principi teorici e configurazioni di funzionamento” Scuola Nazionale di Microscopia di Sonda organized by CNR, Roma, 20-22 February, 2013.
Teaching activity (Mathematics and Physics) in junior and high schools in the years 1995, 1996, 2008-2009.
University Tutor for Physics and Engineering courses since January 2008-to July 2009.
PhD thesis supervisor of Marco Righi: Enhanced Resolution methods for AFM imaging, since 2011.
M.S. degree (laura specialistica in Ingegneria Biomedica) thesis supervisor of Danila Germanese: Development of a portable device for Breath Analysis, 2014

MAIN RESULTS OBTAINED:
Most important results were obtained in the nanotechnology, in particular in Nanotribology area and polymer self-assembling patterning.

  1. The main results obtained in tribology regard a model for the analysis of the onset wear for abrasion- and adhesion-wear mechanisms during the contact of an AFM tip with a material substrate. The model considers the contact between two surfaces in relative motion one each other as a double-well potential system, and describes the wear debris formation as an activated process where de-bonding and atomic ruptures are stimulated by mechanical surface stressing. The model can be applied to metals, ionic crystals, and polymers. Further, nucleation processes have been added to such model to study the critical condition for onset wear mechanisms in Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs), where SAMs can be considered as solid lubricants. Independent authors named my model on basic activated wear process as D’Acunto model.
  2. Abrasion- wear mechanisms were studied for polymers to be used in human body or drug delivery systems making use of Scanning Probe Microscopy Techniques. Surface modifications induced by AFM rastering were also considered. In such topics, I am co-author of the discovery of the technique for the polymer fast ripples formation induced by AFM tip.
  3. Friction and adhesion for biopolymers and cells making use of theoretical and experimental (SPM) techniques for Tissue Engineering applications. In this field, my major contribution has been the improvement of the curve force-distance technique with polymers or lipids attached to the SPM tip.
  4. In Nonlinear dynamics: Frictional properties of self-excited systems have been studied in order to support a low dissipation sliding system. In this field, a van der Pol modified oscillator has been introduced by me and some properties for such systems have been analyzed.
  5. X-ray diffraction techniques were used to reveal residual stresses in presence of surface roughness and fractures precursors. In such topics, I gave contributions on the accurate evaluations of the residual stresses to diffraction angles, reducing the effects of misalignments or other aberrations.
  6. Since 2009, my research activity was addressed to study the application of Near Infrared techniques in the range 750-900nm for the wavelength for the detection of biological systems. In such topics, I produced relevant results in the study of optical response of gold nanoparticles with diameter dimension falling in the range 100-200nm.

Moreover, I have given contributions to

  1. Analytical calculations of magnetic forces for passive magnetic bearings with axial magnetization, and numerical simulations for models of molecular friction.
  2. Biomedical imaging diagnosis improving the Radon Transform for Computer Tomography and functional Magnetic Resonance.

TEN MOST RELEVANT PAPERS

  • ORDERED RIPPLING OF POLYMER SURFACES BY NANOLITHOGRAPHY: INFLUENCE OF SCAN PATTERN AND BOUNDARY EFFECTS S. Napolitano, M. D’Acunto, P. Baschieri, E. Gnecco, P. Pingue Nanotechnology 23, 475301(6pp), 2012
  • ATOMIC-SCALE WEAR IN UHV: CONNECTION BETWEEN AFM INDUCED-ABRASION AND DEBRIS RECRYSTALLIZATION M. D’Acunto Tribology Letters 45, 161-175, 2012
  • FAST FORMATION OF RIPPLES INDUCED BY AFM. A NEW METHOD FOR PATTERNING POLYMERS ON NANOSCALE. M. D’Acunto, S. Napolitano, P. Pingue, P. Giusti and P. Rolla, Materials Letters, 61, 3305, 2007.
  • A MICRO/NANOSCALE SURFACE MECHANICAL STUDY ON MORPHO-FUNCTIONAL CHANGES IN MULTILINEAGE-DIFFERENTIATED HUMAN MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS S. Danti, M. D’Acunto, L. Trombi, S. Berrettini, A. Pietrabissa Macromolecular Bioscence, 7, 589-598, 2007.
  • ONSET WEAR FOR SELF ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS M. D’Acunto Nanotechnology, 17, 2954-2962, 2006.
  • SELF-EXCITED SYSTEMS: ANALYTICAL DETERMINATION OF LIMIT CYCLES M. D’Acunto Chaos, Fractals, & Solitons, 30, 719-724, 2006.
  • ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY WEAR CHARACTERIZATION FOR BIOMEDICAL POLYMER COATINGS L. Lazzeri, M. G. Cascone, P. Narducci, N. Vitiello, M. D’Acunto, P. Giusti TriboTest Journal, 12, 257-265, 2006. Also available with supplemental material at http://xxx.lanl.gov/condmat/0406476
  • DETERMINATION OF LIMIT CYCLES FOR A MODIFIED VAN DER POL OSCILLATOR M. D’Acunto, Mechanics Research Communications, 33(1), 93-98, 2006.
  • PHOSPHOLIPID-POLYURETHANE ADHESION FORCE OBSERVED BY ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY M. D’Acunto, G. Ciardelli, P. Narducci, A. Rechichi, P. Giusti Materials Letters, 59, 1627-1633, 2005.
  • A THEORETICAL APPROACH FOR THE QUANTIFICATION OF WEAR MECHANISMS ON NANOSCALE M. D’Acunto Nanotechnology, 15, 795-802, 2004.
  • NANOTRIBOLOGY: TIP-SAMPLE WEAR UNDER ADHESIVE CONTACT R. Bassani, M. D’Acunto Tribology International, 33, 443-452, 2000.

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